Monday, August 29, 2016

AUG 29, 2016 LENR- ABOUT ROOT CAUSES

MOTTOImage result for root cause quotationsImage result for root cause quotations
Image result for root cause quotations




DAILY NOTES

a) Introduction of the day, let's think about Root Causes.

I'm impressed- Internet is inexhaustible information, interesting irresistible ideas invading intellect, instant infinite inspiration. Incredible!

The sketch of an alliteration-illiteration above needs improvement- however the Internet if well treated and smartly accessed can indeed help. I wanted to start this week with an important LENR bound subject and PsyBlog, one of my many standard sources used for my web-search newsletter and not abandoned has offered today this paper:

The Real Cause of Alzheimer’s Revealed By Thousands of Brains
http://www.spring.org.uk/2015/04/cause-of-alzheimers-revealed-thousands-of-brains.php

I have no special interest in the Alzheimer disease and I hope this is mutual (despite some compliments received from the IH Planet), however it was good to know that not the amyloid proteins are the main, root cause of this terrible illness.
And the paper reminded me that we , the supporters of LENR too, have to  use more effectively and efficiently, more smartly and creatively  Cause -Effect analysis and we have to focus on the root cause.
I remembered with pleasure one paper published when I was working at OLTCHIM, 
 outside my specialization- about the root cause and the aggravating factors of an undesired phenomenon the coloration of the soda ash (natrium carbonate) solution
- making the product inadequate for high quality glass for example. My friend now Professor Laurentiu Filipescu from Bucharest have jointly but independently discovered that the coloration is due to a form of nionic iron- it goes to the cathode when electrolysed and can be removed with anionic ion exchanger, we succeeded to publish our discovery in the reputed Zhurnal Prikladnoi Khimii. We have determined also the technological parameters that must be respected in order to avoid the formation of anionic iron.

Anyway, in problem solving you have to deal systematically with:


- the real root cause and the aggravating factors of ...if negative...

- the real Solution and its improvements, directions of development...if positive

Please take a look to the Mottoes how could we apply them for LENR?

What is/are the root cause(s) of LENR?

b) Conclusions for the initial stage of my discussion with Ed Storms re LENR

The differences in opinions are now clear, the temporary obstacles are obvious so a pause would be rational and even welcome  However I daresay it was useful - we have discussed about important concepts as genuine LENR,  LENR and Mother Nature, adequate LENR, chaos in LENR and now- about the root cause of the troubles in our beloved but not happy yet- field.
A few conclusions, I hope Ed will agree inclusive to the formulations:

- Ed considers I am unjustly sub-appreciating the possible contribution of the knowledge acquired by the study of the original classic PdD system; i think this is not a complete/completely developed LENR system, ergo. it is not saying much to the complete,  high temperature LENR systems; according to Ed these do not exist yet, and it is dubious if they are possible.

- we are accepting and working with different sets of data and accepted facts, Ed thinks the NiH systems have a low reliability, are based on weak calorimetry amd have dubious if any scientific value while I am much more permissive and I think that NIH( actually transition metals- light hydrogen systems( re both the present and the future of LENR technology; 
- specifically, Ed rejects,  I accept the good results of the Rossi 1 year1MW Test;
- Ed has very serious doubts regarding the results obtained with NiH at the upper limit of temperature range- up to 1400C while I think they are necessarily good due to the Surfdyn effect,

- We think antagonistically differently about Mother Nature, despite the fact that Ed's attitude is based on his 65 years of studying Mother Nature and I haave spent 57 years doing the same thing, and, nota bene, we are both chemists at the root.


b) DOE Report No 3?

I repeat this question:

WHO, WHAT, WILL REPRESENT THE LENR COMMUNITY IN THE COMING DOD-FOR-THE CONGRESS  DISCUSSIONS NEXT MONTH?
And with smaller letters- how can we avoid that the DOD report should be a third negative DOE Report after those of 1989 and 2004?



DAILY NEWS



1) Bob Greenyer Posts New Video with MFMP News and Ideas
http://www.e-catworld.com/2016/08/29/bob-greenyer-posts-new-video-with-mfmp-news-and-ideas/

2) Rossi's cold fusion - in Finnish
Rossin kylmäfuusio
http://keskustelu.kauppalehti.fi/5/i/keskustelu/thread.jspa?messageID=7150193&tstart=0

translated with Google Translate
Based mm. Francesco Piantellin patents and Ross received incomplete information, LENR community (ECW at) Consequently, there is some kind of consensus, "Rossi-effect" the operating principle.

In simple terms, the E-Cat's operation principle, therefore, would essentially something like this:
- The tank is nano-sized nickel powder and lithium aluminum hydride
- A suitable pressure and temperature conditions under which hydrogen ions absorbed to form a nickel hydridimetallin
- One of the stimulus hydridimetallin atoms excited by electron atoms and obtained by curtains "messed up"
- Preceding the nickel atom (? After the transfer of an electron) will capture the absorbed hydrogen ion or proton orbit
- Proton atom is thrown out of the orbit speed and collides with either a lithium atom or nikkeliatomiin
- Hurled out of the proton kinetic energy of the collision is sufficient to penetrate the Coulomb's wall
- Preceding the lithium atom transmutatoituu beryllium copper and nickel atom
- Beryllium breaks down the same road as two alpha-particle, ie a helium atom nucleus
- Alpha-particles capture electrons and become a helium atoms
- Decomposition of lithium into helium to produce energy
The stimulated nickel atoms therefore act as nano-size "particle accelerator", which paiskovat protons around.
This post has been edited: 3:07 SkiiggeBoey29.8.2016

3) To be a supporter of Cold Fusion/LENR is still considered an error, sin... see
Nobel Disease
http://rationalwiki.org/wiki/Nobel_disease

4)  Rossi Comments on Theory and Radiation
http://www.e-catworld.com/2016/08/29/rossi-comments-on-theory-and-radiation/

5) From Jed Rothwell
The History of Cold Fusion in Italy -2009 now in English:
http://lenr-canr.org/acrobat/ENEAcoldfusion.pdf


LENR IN CONTEXT-1

My friend Sam North has suggested me to write something about batteries:
Energy
Why We Still Don’t Have Better Batteries

How to Deal with the Irrational Parts of a Negotiation

Sunday, August 28, 2016

AUG 28, 2016 VISION OF LENR MIRRORS IMAGE OF MOTHER NATURE

MOTTO

Mother Nature has only Solutions but no Problems (real life problem solving truism)

People need to be cautious because anything built by man can be destroyed by Mother Nature. (Russel Honore)

If you can't be in awe of Mother Nature, there's something wrong with you. (Alex Trebek)

Mother Nature is not sweet. (John Shelby Spong)

Mother nature is a fickle and forgetful bitch," she snapped. "She needs a helping hand and I am trying to hurry her along for their sake.” (Sabrina Jeffries) 

Mother Nature," he murdered half aloud and grinned, "we think of her as a benevolent old lady. Maybe instead she's the wantonest kind of whore.” (Harold Sinclair)

Nature speaks clearly to him who knows how to understand her, and has no need of interpretation. (Antonio Vallisneri)

I have never imputed to Nature a purpose or a goal, or anything that could be understood as anthropomorphic.  (Albert Einstein)

Thus, I love nature primarily for the puzzles and intellectual delights that she offers to the first organ capable of such curious contemplation. (Stephen Jay Gould

DAILY NOTES


a) The status of the Srorms-Gluck discussion about the essence of LENR

Ed: I know of only one way to reduce chaos, which is to apply what is known about what is real. That is, use what is observed in the lab to guide the imagination. I attempted to provide this information in several books and in many review papers. Chaos reigns because people in the field ignore most of this information. 

Peter: However if PdD cool on which this information is based is not genuine LENR or is not as say NiH at >1250C, the the value of what we know is questionable and we must discover new things. 

Ed: No believable evidence supports the claim that LENR can  occur >1250°C. What little evidence exists has not showed that the apparent extra energy results from a nuclear reaction rather than from an unexpected chemical reaction.  No extra energy reported by Rossi  was obtained at this temperature.  His devices have always worked at much lower temperatures. Even these examples are in serious doubt.  

In contrast, PdD has been explored by hundreds of studies and shown to produce nuclear products by many replications.  Yet, you ignore this huge body of work and favor a few poorly done studies. Why??  You ignore simple explanations and favor complex explanations having very little relationship to what is observed. Why?  You add to the chaos that is characteristic of the LENR field.  Why?
Ed Storms also says: 

Ed: Also, a good way to get knowledge about what someone else knows is to ask questions. I have found that this approach is very rare in this field. Everyone has an opinion that is unmoved by any argument.

Peter: However again if new forms of LENR need new science than we have to ask Mother Nature  by experiment, helping her by technology to give clearer, louder smarter answers.

Ed: We have asked Nature and Nature has given an answer to a few people. You need to ask these people what Nature said. Instead, these people are ignored. What questions would you ask instead of the ones that have been clearly answered? Why would your answers be accepted any more than those provided by anyone else?   In fact, who can be believed in this field?
Peter: My final word about the question: which sort is the genuine lENR? - is that we have actually to decisively de- ask this question. Reason there is no LENR, but LENRs each genuine in its own specific way and mode. Howgh!

Ed: Are you willing to believe that a collection of very unusual phenomenon has been discovered, each unrelated to the others?  If so, you clearly can not be trusted to contribute any useful insight about LENR. 

Ed

My answer to this

A- what I strongly dislike is the last paragraph- I never told that the phenomena are unrelated to each other, they have common features and specific features, yes each needs  specific treatments and investigations to be understood and ways to be developed toward applications- but why is Ed using the poisoned, alien word "unrelated"? A fair exegesis excludes the use of false citations and additions to what the opponent writes...

B-  It is no problem that Ed and I are using radically different modes of thinking especially regarding the relative value of the Known and the Unknown,unfortunately  there are great differences in our starting suppositions. This discussion becomes semi-impossible due to some selective data half-denial by Ed. The Ni systems- Piantelli, Rossi, Defkalion,  and around Rossi as Bondeno, Lugano, Parkhomov, MFMP  and many replicators are not fully accepted- in corpore- due to lack of believability or weak calorimetry. With this premise- we are at a dead point and have to wait till NIH will be confirmed even for those who do not take it in consideration. The most radical way will be if/when the COP of 50-60 obtained in the 1 year/1 MW experiment will be confirmed. Obviously Ed does not think about the Quark that works at 1400 C and rejects the idea of accelerated massive genesis of NAEs  at high temperatures he is convinced that NAE is a nano-crack and nothing else. I do not understand why he excludes heat over 1250 C, however cracks will not be stable at high temperatures?!

C- Ed says:  We have asked Nature and Nature has given an answer to a few people.
It is relevant what have asked these people- and we know they have limited the questions mainly to the classic PdD LENR system; we also know that the answers were- LENR surely exists, it is not reproducible at will , it depends on hidden or immeasurable parameters too. I interpret these results also that Pd D is not a complete LENR system, the dynamism due to high temperature enhancement is missing from it. Reading these papers with attention is not an equivalent of a good question?  What can learn a goatherd from a shepherd?  A lot, but goats and sheeps are sufficiently different to need separate strategies. By the way, it is not correct to say my sheeps know all, while you have only zombie goats- not real ones.

I remark and I do not like it Ed uses again the lazy and arrogant "ignore" instead of the active and brave "reject"

There is a great and significant difference between the vision/opinion of Ed and mine about Mother Nature (please  read now the Mottoes, yes it is a diversity of opinions there!)
For Ed, Mother Nature is a nice lady who loves and respects the Great Laws and tries to help us to understand Her. She adores simplicity and common sense logic, her favorite tool is Occam's Razor. 
I think Mother Nature is a narcissistic person, trying to be interesting at any price (sometimes even low price) playing with complexity, diversity, strangeness, fast and deep change, secrets and especially surprises.  She thinks that many times the most complicated answer is the best one. She respects her own Laws but she chooses what Law to respect, when and why. She cares for us, but in a very special way. Ed's LENR ideology and mine are actually mirroring our images of Mother Nature.
DAILY NEWS

The E-Cat is neither CHEMICAL, FISSION nor FUSION. It is a MACHINE!” (Chapman)
http://www.e-catworld.com/2016/08/28/the-e-cat-is-neither-chemical-fission-nor-fusion-it-is-a-machine-chapman/


Aneutronic Fusion – the QuarkX Explained (Steve H)

Cold Fusion Is Real Fire From Water Part 2 Of 4 Mp3 Download

LENR IN CONTEXT-1

Is blue the new green? Wave power could revolutionize the renewable-energy game http://www.salon.com/2016/08/27/is-blue-the-new-green-wave-power-could-revolutionize-the-renewable-energy-game/

Scientists stunned by huge MIT discovery


Saturday, August 27, 2016

AUG 27, 2016 WHICH ONE IS THE GENUINE LENR?

MOTTO

The word is not explicit in the Mottoes below, but they are about/linked to 
GENUINE.

The meaning behind this quote is very deep! Appreciate the genuine people in your life who have always been there for you without asking anything in return!! Aline ♥Image result for genuine quotations


DAILY NOTES


LENR is in an identity crisis, in a definition crisis- and this started at its 
unconventional birth. And in chaos, as I told. So we can just try to define waht is actually genuine LENR? The majority of the researchers and their associates from multiple areas still consider the original system of the Founders is the true, veritable, authentic scientific field. NiH is rather unknown, uncertain, not sufficiently studied. Terra incognita hic errorem. Inside the NiH land, Francesco Piantelli says his is the unique actual "vero" "anomalous process" and Andrea Rossi is just using a summum of transient secondary physico-chemical processes . Andrea Rossi says the Piantelli process does not give massive excess heat, ergo it is not genuine.
Multiple Rosssi replicators have obtained excess heat however on the additive and not the genuine industrial multiplicative level. Isn't the LENR chaos more than genuine, my friends?
Based on the natural idea that the genuine PdD a model and source of information for all the forms of LENR, yesterday Ed Storms has stated:

I know of only one way to reduce chaos, which is to apply what is known about what is real. That is, use what is observed in the lab to guide the imagination. I attempted to provide this information in several books and in many review papers. Chaos reigns because people in the field ignore most of this information. 

However if PdD cool on which this information is based is not genuine LENR or is not as say NiH at >1250C, the the value of what we know is questionable and we must discover new things. 

Ed Storms also says: 

Also, a good way to get knowledge about what someone else knows is to ask questions. I have found that this approach is very rare in this field. Everyone has an opinion that is unmoved by any argument.

However again if new forms of LENR need new science than we have to ask Mother Nature  by experiment, helping her by technology to give clearer, louder smarter answers.

My final word about the question: which sort is the genuine lENR? - is that we have actually to decisively de- ask this question. Reason there is no LENR, but LENRs each genuine in its own specific way and mode. Howgh!

DAILY NEWS


1) This letter to editor apppeared at News
Column on fusion ignores information
http://www.poughkeepsiejournal.com/story/opinion/letters/2016/08/26/letters-editor/89420842/
This letter is in response to the recent “Earth Talk” column published in thePoughkeepsie Journal, (“ Fusion reactors far from reality,” Aug. 4).

The column ignores recent developments in fusion technology. Aerospace giantLockheed Martin is working on a fusion reactor design that is small enough to be built on assembly lines and uses microwave energy rather than costly lasers to ignite hot fusion reactions.

A number of well known corporations, such as Mitsubishi, Toyota and Volvo, are working on cold fusion reactors, now popularly known as Low Energy Nuclear Reaction (LENR). “Low energy” signifies the relatively small amount of energy required to start the fusion reaction.

The most common fuels used for LENR reactors include nickel powder, lithium and hydrogen gas, as well as palladium and deuterium. Mitsubishi has a proven method of using LENR to transmute elements, which proves beyond reasonable doubt that fusion has occurred at low temperatures.

No one knows when economical and reliable fusion reactors will hit the marketplace, but there is ample reason to be more optimistic than the analysis would suggest.

Christopher Calder
Eugene, Oregon

2) Cold Fusion/LENR- the war of patents
Fusione fredda / LENR: La guerra dei brevetti

3) COLDFUSIONCONNECTION latest links
http://cfconnection.leapforwardlab.com/

4) A historical 2014 conference:
David Nagel – Scientific and Practical Questions about Cold Fusion
http://www.codingcraze.com/david-nagel-scientific-and-practical-questions-about-cold-fusion/

5) NASA and LENR Free downloads
http://secretway.hol.es/nasa-and-lenr.pdf

6) [W85.Book] Free Download The New Fire: A Simplified Introduction to Cold Fusion and LENR (Low Energy Nuclear Reactions) PDF ePub Book nby Dennis W. Drumheller
https://sites.google.com/site/hnonnup/The-New-Fire-A-Simplified-Introduction-to-Cold-Fusion-and-LENR-Low-Energy-Nuclear-Reactions

LENR IN CONTEXT-1

2016 Fall Meeting of the APS Division of Nuclear Physics
Thursday–Sunday, October 13–16, 2016; Vancouver, BC, Canada
Session 1WB: New Frontiers in Low-Energy Nuclear Theory I


9:00 AM–10:48 AM, Thursday, October 13, 2016
Room: Junior Ballroom A&B

Sponsoring Unit: DNP
Chair: Sonia Bacca Bacca, TRIUMF

Abstract: 1WB.00002 : Advances in ab initio theories for nuclear reactions
http://meetings.aps.org/Meeting/DNP16/Session/1WB.2

Author: Sofia Quaglioni (LLNL)

Abstract
Driven by high-performance computing and new ideas, in recent years \textit{ab initio} theory has made great strides in achieving a unified description of nuclear structure, clustering and reactions from the constituent nucleons and their strong and electroweak interactions. This is giving access to forefront tools and new fertile grounds to further our understanding of the nuclear force and electroweak currents in nuclei in terms of effective degrees of freedom. A fundamental understanding of nuclear reaction mechanisms and a new capability to accurately compute their properties is also relevant for nuclear astrophysics, terrestrial applications of nuclear fusion, and for using nuclei as probes of fundamental physics through, for example, neutrino-nucleus scattering. In this talk, I will present recent highlights and reflect on future perspectives for this area of nuclear theory. Prepared by LLNL under Contract No. DE-AC52-07NA27344.




A nanoscale wireless communication system via plasmonic antennas
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2016/08/160825141720.htm


LENR IN CONTEXT-2

An especially good issue of Gapingvoid:
Without DOUBT nothing is possible
http://us1.campaign-archive2.com/?u=028de8672d5f9a229f15e9edf&id=344bae6d31&e=c393e08eaa
Rethinking Groupthink: Great Advice For Leaders From Adam Grant’s New Book “Originals”

Friday, August 26, 2016

AUG 26, 2016, WHAT IS THE ADEQUATE DIKWP SCALE OF LENR ?

MOTTO

Image result for adequate quotationsImage result for adequate quotations





What is genius, anyway, if it isn't the ability to give an adequate response to a great challenge (Bette Greene)


DAILY NOTES

The complete title of this issue of my Blog is:

DATA, INFORMATION, KNOWLEDGE, WISDOM and PREDICTIONS ADEQUATE FOR LENR.

a) My opinion about this

-In life, but especially for technology ADEQUATE is a very friendly, desirable adjective. Beyond its etymology and its many quasi equivalents in translations (in Romanian it exists as "adecvat" but "fitting" (potrivit) is more popular.
Its direct antonym inadequate is a sentence to death in science and in technology-
politics for example is not so tolerant re total lack of quality.
Yesterday I wrote about chaos in LENR,  s regarding its cause, it seems we still are not using the really necessary, significant, relevant source, methods, thinking- so we are lacking adequacy on the whole intellectual activities' hierarchy- data, information, knowledge, wisdom, prediction.
As I have told it many times, I think adequacy can be found only at and from complete LENR systems- vapor phase, high temperature transition-metsls based and not in the classic system. Short term, re-focus LENR research from Pd Cool to Ni hot, despite or exactly because we know more about Pd and the experimental base for Ni is still smaller than that for Pd. We know  a lot about Pd but is this indeed adaequate for deeper, holistic understanding and for the advancement of the whole LENR field?My personal opinion is still that it is much more Unknown than Known in LENR.Of what help is if we know a lot about the hallux (big toe)  for the study of the foot- for example the knee? (I just have rheumatic pains)
We need adequate DIKWP and this is in the future.

b) Edmund Storms has a different opinion

Peter, you note that chaos exists in the LENR field and you suggest ways it can be reduced. Yes, I agree, this is a problem. I know of only one way to reduce chaos, which is to apply what is known about what is real. That is, use what is observed in the lab to guide the imagination. I attempted to provide this information in several books and in many review papers. Chaos reigns because people in the field ignore most of this information. This approach is easily detected simply by looking at the list of references provided in a paper about LENR. Most papers make no effort to examine or reference other studies. Instead, the references list mostly what the authors have published in the past. In other worlds, people keep plowing the same ground without caring what other people have discovered. I see no hope for the chaos to be reduced until people from the normal scientific professions get interested in the subject. Conventional scientists normally are much less dogmatic in their opinions and more interested in what other people believe than is typical of people in this field.

Also, a good way to get knowledge about what someone else knows is to ask questions. I have found that this approach is very rare in this field. Everyone has an opinion that is unmoved by any argument. Therefore, questions are not asked because the answers mean nothing to the individual. As result, nothing changes. The same opinions are expressed and defended without change, regardless of the evidence. So, I see no future for this field until it becomes part of normal science. Unfortunately, I do not see this happening any time soon.
The discussion will continue and history will define what is the adequate LENR ideology.
DAILY NEWS



1) DIY LENR TEST KIT (Friendly Robot Upgrade)
 LookingForHeat.Com

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Up3J_ZnO2xs


2) Aug. 08, 2016 Igor Iurievich Danilov9 "Philosophical Storm") about the mechanism of LRNR at the interaction of laser rays on the radioactive wastes and about th hafnium bomb (two videos(



AXIL DIXIT

The key to LENR is strong coupling between the hydrogen atom and light.

sciencedaily.com/releases/2016/08/160822152626.htm

For more detail see as follows:

arxiv.org/pdf/1604.08297v1.pdf

Abstract

Nonperturbative coupling of light with condensed matter in an optical cavity is expected to reveal a host of coherent many-body phenomena and states [1–7]. In addition, strong coherent light-matter interaction in a solid-state environment is of great interest to emerging quantum-based technologies [8, 9]. However, creating a system that combines a long electronic coherence time, a large dipole moment, and a high cavity quality (Q) factor has been a challenging goal [10–13]. Here, we report collective ultrastrong light-matter coupling in an ultrahigh-mobility two-dimensional electron gas in a high-Q terahertz photonic-crystal cavity in a quantizing magnetic field, demonstrating a cooperativity of ∼360. The splitting of cyclotron resonance (CR) into the lower and upper polariton branches exhibited a √ ne-dependence on the electron density (ne), a hallmark of collective vacuum Rabi splitting. Furthermore, a small but definite blue shift was observed for the polariton frequencies due to the normally negligible A 2 term in the light-matter interaction Hamiltonian. Finally, the high-Q cavity suppressed the superradiant decay of coherent CR, which resulted in an unprecedentedly narrow intrinsic CR linewidth of 5.6 GHz at 2 K. These results open up a variety of new possibilities to combine the traditional disciplines of many-body condensed matter physics and cavity-based quantum optics.


The key to LENR is strong coupling between the hydrogen atom and light. When the cavity that holds the hydrogen is the optimum size, vacuum energy provides most of the energy to delocalized electrons from protons to form metalized hydrogen. The optimum cavity size does the same job as extreme pressure to form metalized hydrogen. 

If hydrogen is packed into a Nano cavity of the ideal size a strong coupling state might be achieved between the protons in the hydrogen and the light. In this way a state of superconductive coherence of protons might be formed: a proton condinsate. 

This state of superconductivity has been detected by Holmlid and Miley in iron oxide. The high temperature proton BEC might produce a super-dense state of hydrogen as measured by Holmlid where the electrons and protons are delocalized from each other, this state of charge delocalization has been seen in water inclusions inside a crystal.

physics.aps.org/articles/v9/43
Water Molecule Spreads Out When Caged



What actually compresses the protons into a condinsate is vacuum energy because the cavity squeezes the light/matter condensate greatly. 

As described in the referenced article by looking for a hydrogen BEC in cavities, a LENR researcher could find the ideal dimensions of the Nano cavity that produces the condensed hydrogen and engineer a material that produces this ultra-dense hydrogen crystal in abundance.

Currently in LENR reactors, pure chance produces metalized hydrogen in a highly porous metal that feature a wide range of cavity sizes which include the optimum cavity size that is made widely available by random chance.

What really compresses hydrogen to the LENR active ultra-dense metalized state is not high pressure, but the ideal combination of cavity shape/size, light frequency, EMF environment and vacuum energy. 



LENR IN CONTEXT-1


Scientists solve puzzle of converting gaseous carbon dioxide to fuel
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2016/08/160825113217.htm
Saving the planet from climate change with a grain of sand
Date: August 25, 2016
Source:University of Toronto
Summary:
Every year, humans advance climate change and global warming by injecting about 30 billion tons of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere. Scientists believe they've found a way to convert all these emissions into energy-rich fuel in a carbon-neutral cycle that uses a very abundant natural resource: silicon. Readily available in sand, it's the seventh most-abundant element in the universe and the second most-abundant element in the earth's crust.


LENR IN CONTEXT-2

How to Create an Exponential Mindset